Saturday, 5 May 2018

The St. Onge Family Link to the Livingston Family

New research has been found regarding the source of our Metis ancestry within the  Livingston family, mentioned briefly in the July 2012 blog posting and Chapter 10 of "The Livingston Family Alive and Well" book.

The root of our Metis ancestry lies with the St. Onge family. This family name first appears in our lineage with the marriage of Katrine-Genevieve Vasseur and Joseph St. Onge dit Letard, a documented Metis, in about 1810 and this heritage is carried on by their daughter Madeleine (also known as Magdeleine) and her marriage to Antoine Lafreniere.

Joseph and his family were recorded as active citizens in the Metis community of Penetanguishene as early as 1820. Joseph, along with his two sons Antoine (St.Onge) and Toussaint and 20 others, documented their Metis status when they signed the 1840 Petition of Penetanguishene Half Breeds, which was sent to the Governor General to request similar benefits that had been provided to the First Nations of the area. Some of the benefits described by Deputy Superintendent of the Department of Indian Affairs Duncan C. Scott in "Indian Affairs, 1840-1867", (in Adam Shortt and Arthur Doughty, eds., Canada and Its Provinces , Vol. V., Toronto, Glasgow, Brook and Company, 1914, pp. 331-362) as:  

The legal definition of the term 'Indian' was always more inclusive in the lower province, admitting all persons intermarried with Indians, all persons of Indian blood residing among Indians, and all persons adopted in infancy and residing among Indians. For Upper Canada the principle that an Indian woman who married a white man did not confer upon him the status of an Indian, but lost her own position as a member of her band and took that of her husband, was adopted, and was later carried into the statutes affecting the Indians of the Dominion.
The legislation for the control of the liquor traffic was also more advanced in Upper Canada [for ease of reference = Ontario] than in Lower Canada [for ease of reference = Quebec]. The early enactments were all by the way of regulation and licence of the trade, and remained so in Lower Canada. Prohibition of the sale of intoxicants to Indians in Upper Canada was passed in 1835, with a penalty not to exceed 45. This act was to remain in force for four years, and thence to the end of the next ensuing session of parliament. It was amended and made permanent on February 10, 1840. The provisions of the statute have since been elaborated by the Dominion parliament.
The Upper Canadian Indian was also granted certain privileges designed for his protection against unscrupulous traders. Indians were exempt from taxes and assessments, confession of judgment could not be taken from them, nor could any debt be recovered from an individual Indian unless he held land in fee-simple of the assessed value of £25 or upwards. The reserve lands, with their timber and minerals, were also protected from trespass by white men.
The Metis Nation of Ontario (MNO) recently shared new information about the children of Joseph St. Onge.

1. Toussaint St. Onge was born in 1818 in Drummond Island and married Josetta Lavallee in Penetanguishene in 1858.

2. Antoine St. Onge married Genevieve Madjinini in 1888.

The MNO also declared new data regarding Madeleine Letard St. Onge and her children.
Madeleine, her husband Antoine Lafreniere and 7 of their 10 children (Zoe, Julia, Charles, Louisa, Victoria, Virginie, and Augustus) were recorded in the 1861 Census of Canada for Tiny and Tay Townships, Simcoe County, Canada West (Ontario).

Here is a summary of the 1861 Census entries:

Some of Madeleine's children do not appear in the census as they had already married.
For example, Marie Lafreniere was born in 1837 and wed Constant William Moreau. Their children were Ovide born in 1851, Clara Clarina (1853-1933) and Philip Moreau (1856 - ?).

Clara Clarina (great granddaughter of Joseph St. Onge) was born in the township of Tiny and wed Antoine Leblanc in Penetanguishene in 1872. They had 8 children: Joseph, Helaine, Philippe, Emma L., Alexandre, Eulalie, Olive and Eleonore. Clara's daughter Emma married James Willett in 1902 and raised a family of 9 children in the nearby Tay Township.

Philip Moreau (great grandson of Joseph St. Onge) wed Mary Jane Chevrette, another Metis family in the township of Tiny. They moved to Lorne, Manitoba around 1884.
 Next page coming in 2 weeks: The Penetanguishene Metis Community

Tuesday, 22 April 2014

Livingston Family Book SOLD OUT

A book, THE LIVINGSTON FAMILY ALIVE AND WELL, based on this blog was professionally published in July 2013. This 86 page hardcover book is SOLD OUT.

Sunday, 6 January 2013

The Ulric Livingston Family PART FOUR:  Ulric's Life

From The Columbian newspaper dated June 30, 1967 in celebration of their 50th Wedding Anniversary

Ulric Livingston was born 23 October 1890 at Bay City, MI; wed Marie Marguerite Helene Langevin, daughter of Joseph Langevin and Clara Lafreniere, on 2 July 1917 at Scott, SK; and died 7 May 1977 at Holy Family Extended Care Home in Vancouver, BC.

Ulric Livingston was originally named "Michael Liversant" on October 23, 1890 in Bay City, Michigan born to parents Joseph Liversant and Albina Robillard. As stated on his certificate of baptism, Michael Liversant was baptized on 26 October 1890 by Father J.B. Schrembs with his parents Joseph Liversant, Albina Robillard and godparents Olivier and Caroline Liversant in attendance at the Church of St. Mary in Bay City, Michigan. For reasons unknown, Michael's name was later changed to Ulric and his nickname was "Nellie". The photo below, courtesy of Noel Livingston, is Albina with husband Joseph and daughter Rose Anna.

When Ulric's father Joseph died at age 42 of tuberculosis on 5 August 1892, Ulric's mother Albina, with the assistance of Father F. Schrembs, admitted the four youngest children to a Roman Catholic orphanage, St. Vincent's Home, in Saginaw, MI less than one year later on 11 April 1893:
  1. Nellie (Ulric) Livingston aged 2
  2. Albert Livingston aged 9
  3. Alma Livingston aged 7
  4. Leo Livingston aged 5
Prior to his death, Joseph told his wife Albina to allow Ulric's sister Caroline wed Pascal Cloutier at the tender age of 16 so that Albina would have less children to care for. And thus, Caroline wed Pascal on August 25, 1892 only 20 days after her father died. As a result, Albina only had Rose, Fred Oliver (Joseph Oliver), and Henry Joseph left at home to help on the farm by September 1892.

According to Doreen's notes:
When Ulric was old enough to work (at age 9), he was "adopted out" to various farmers looking for cheap labour by his adoptive parents.  He was only able to attend school until the age of 14. Unfortunately, it was about this time when, he often related, that he ran away from the harsh treatment he received at the hands of the half-witted son of his adoptive parents. Thankfully, he was protected by the police to whom he ran, who kept him safely in a cell for the night and then paid his fare to Freeland, Michigan where he stayed with his sister Rose Law (who would later become Mrs. Eddington Lee. With Rose's help, he returned to school for a short period of time. (Years later, by happen-chance, Ulirc's wife Helen (nee Langevin), read an item in a newspaper telling of the axe slaying of his last adoptive parents by their son.)

Ulric's Perfect Attendance for the month of February 1905

Between 1906 and 1911, Ulric had various occupations. At the age of sixteen, Ulric worked in a sawmill where he wrote, "I was struck on the head (by a flying piece of wood). The doctor put stitches in my head and I ran right back to work," which was indicative of his tenets to work and not to pamper oneself.

At some time, he worked as a labourer "French polishing" pianos where he learned a love for wood and music, and learning to chord on the piano. He often played and sang these old songs which he and his pal heard at the Vaudeville shows. It is obvious to many of us who were fortunate to witness his random performances to see how much he appreciated music. I am certain that there are many family members today who can still hear him playing his bones, the spoons, piano, and/or harmonica and bursting into song until Helen walked into the room and shouted "Ulric! What's all this racket about?!".

In June 1908, he worked on a farm with horses near Freeland, MI, and helped drilling water wells in Appleton, WI.  As a labourer on the longest ore docks in the world in Green Bay, WI, he accidentally dropped his hammer into the water while banging spikes into the dock. The foreman immediately fired him and told him to go and pick up his pay and leave. While on his way to the paymaster, another foreman rehired him to chop a hole in the ice of the frozen lake. As the story goes, he finished chopping the hole in the ice, but he accidentally dropped a crowbar through the ice. He was fired again and fortunately, he was rehired on another job. According to Ulric, he worked in 6 camps in and around Michigan and Wisconsin during the winter of 1910.

In 1911, he proceeded west and worked on a sewer project in North Dakota. It was here where he made enough money to immigrate to Canada. He likely crossed the American border at Noonan, North Dakota and into Canada at Estevan, SK. [Unfortunately, I could not confirm the location as a search of the database Border Crossings: From the U.S. to Canada, 1908-1935 proved futile as it only contains the list of immigrants who registered through port cities. Thus, it is my belief that Ulric's immigration into Canada was unregistered and that no record exists.] After crossing the border, Ulric then travelled more than 700 kilometres to his brother's, Leo's, near Hayter, AB [I am certain that there is a story of adventure here that we are missing and if anyone knows more about it, please share it.] 

By 1912, he applied to the Provost Land Registry Office for a homestead located about 12 miles south of Mackin, AB. Ulric's mother, Albina, worked as a housekeeper for a priest at Scott, SK, which was just 2 hours east. Perhaps on one of his visits to his mother's, he met his future bride Helen Langevin. In 1915, Ulric built a homestead closer to his mother and wed Helen in Scott, SK on July 2, 1917 at the age of 25 in the presence of his mother, and Helen's father, Joseph Langevin.

The couple resided at this homestead until a severe drought forced them to move. When Helen and Ulric drove to the old homestead on their 50th Wedding Anniversary, the barn that Ulric had built before his marriage was as sturdy as the day he built it in 1915.

In 1919, Ulric and Helen moved to Brandon, MB and worked on a farm for the winter months.

Ulric in 1921

Ulric taught himself the building trade from a book and though he would turn his hand to any job to support his family, carpentry was his trade. He provided several homes for the family, building one in Oak Lake and later one in Flin Flon in 1927. He also remodeled other houses throughout the years to suit the needs of his family. The following was heard from various oldtimers in Oak Lake at the Centennial in 1982: "If there was work to be had, Ulric would be doing it. If there wasn't, he'd make it." Some of his occupations included cutting ice from the frozen river in the winter and storing it in a barn under sawdust to sell to housewives in the summer; logging and cutting wood to householders; cutting shingles and roofing; shooting mink to sell the pelts, and farming on the farm that he rented called "Parson's Farm."

In 1927, he left the family to go to Flin Flon, MB to work and to build a home for the family. The winters were extremely cold, the house was not properly vented, and Helen said that she worried about the children as they slept in the upstairs rooms where the water dripped from the ceiling. This was the reason that Helen gave for sending the four eldest girls to Sifton Convent over a period of three years.

Ulric sent the family back to live in Oak Lake, MB in 1933-34, rented the family home and purchased another which he proceeded to raise and build more rooms under, even while the family lived in it from October 1934 to October 1936.

In 1936, he travelled to Vernon, BC to look at an orchard for sale. Ulric decided to move the family to Vernon, BC and, along with other families, invested in the orchard, but it proved to be an unfruitful adventure as it was unproductive.

Here is the "Flin Flon to Vernon" adventure as written by Ulric's eldest daughter Marguerite at age 17:
After much consideration, Dad gave up his job in Flin Flon, MB and purchased a fruit farm in the Okanagan at a town called Vernon.
The day of our departure, October 14, 1936, dawned dull, dreary, and raining, thus adding to sorrow of leaving our good friends in Flin Flon. Despite this, we left in high anticipation as to what the future holds in store for us in the fruit lands of sunny Okanagan.
The morning after our departure, we arrived in Dauphin where we spent a four hour wait for the bus. We looked up an old friend, thus passing the time more quickly (Alice Sumpter, an old friend from the convent). Leaving Dauphin at noon, we reached Brandon at the home of our aunt late that afternoon. We spent a weeks visit there and thinking we  would leave for Vernon soon, our decision was to charter a bus to Oak Lake and spent the remainder of our time at the farm home of another aunt and uncle.
The supposed short visit on the farm was extended from October 20th until December 5th, the delay being spent patiently and otherwise. Thanks to the "neighbours" and other friends in town our long stay was brightened considerably by many kind invitations and visit from them.
Dad and mother went to Winnipeg November 28th and spent a week with relatives. They purchased a 1934 Chevrolet and after interviewing our agent, Mr. Vezina, they returned to Oak Lake December 1st.
Late Friday night December 4th, we received a phone call from Pierre Vezina telling us to leave as soon as possible. Consequently, we busied ourselves making hasty last minute preparations, intending to make an early start the following morning. 
We were delayed however by the extreme cold. The thermometer registered 35 below zero. In spite of a few hours delay in starting the car, we finally bid farewell to our relatives and friends in Oak Lake and started on our long journey.
We travelled south to West Hope, North Dakota and arrived there shorlty after noon. On discovering we were to be delayed until Monday, we made ourselves at home at the Gateway Motel and became acquainted with several nice people there. We met a very good friend the parish priest of West Hope who enteratined us, helping the time go faster. Monday afternoon, December 7th, we again gathered our belongings and after bidding adieu to our newly made friends, started on our way. The weather was slightly warmer than the previous days and traveling was more pleasant.
Shortly before arriving in Minot, North Dakota, we experienced our first slight mishap - a blow out which took a half hours time to repair. We arrived there at 4:30 pm however and while going through the city commented on the beauty of the place nestled in the hills. At 6:30, we drove into a place and remarked on its likeness to Minot, because although it was quite dark, the way the city lights shone, indicated that it was situated among the hills. We stopped at the nearest filling station and inquired as to our whereabouts. Imagine our surprise and chagrin to discover we were again in Minot. We had travelled over 80 miles in a circle!
We dined in Minot Cafe and decided in spite of this delay to get to Williston as we had previously planned. This new situation gave us a good idea of the monotony and danger of travelling at night. We arrived at Williston, North Dakota after midnight and welcomed the comfort of the Great Northern Hotel. The following morning we attended mass At St. Josephs Church, as Tuesday December 8th was a holy day. After breakfasting in the Great Northern Cafe, we started out again.
A few hours travelling brought us to Montana and we welcomed the change of scenery as we travelled westward. Our first stop was Glasgow where we stopped for lunch. Again on our way, we travelled as quickly as possible, as we were very much afraid of the weather. On arriving in Havre Montana, we were informed that the day before they had had an 18 [inch?] snowfall. We were advised to change highways here from No.2 to No.29 as No.2 westward was closed. At the Up and Up Cafe, we ate our supper in Havre as our intentions were to make Great Falls without stopping again. The roads were quite slippery from the recent snowfall thus progress was quite slow.
After getting stuck climbing a hill, we finally got some chains, thus easing the high tensions of our nerves as we were very much afraid of slipping in some ditch or over a cliff. Being at night our imaginations were in full working order. However we again travelled until after midnight and the Hotel Stevens in Great Falls put up a bunch of very weary wanderers that night.
As early as possible Wednesday morning December 9th, we left Great Falls, and still going south we took highway 91 which took us to Helena. Here we again changed highways taking number 10 westward on which our first stop was Missoula, Montana.  Here I blush with shame remembering Missoula where we experienced something very humiliating which I shall not relate here but at some future time when the memory is less fresh in our minds, we may tell it to anyone and laugh it off. (A later date: After eating, we discovered to our dismay, we had lunch in a saloon!) After eating this hearty meal in Missoula felt more like continuing our journey.
Shortly after dark, we met a large truck, the driver not dimming his lights blinded Dad, who was at the wheel. We struck something dangling on the side of the truck but we both kept on going. At our next stop, we noticed two foot long cuts in the fender. However, we kept on travelling. We were in the state of Idaho and in a few hours arrived in the state of Washington.
On nearing Spokane Washington as we travelled through the mountains, we observed many airport beacon lights. We noticed a small grey sack which looked very much like a hornet's nest falling to the ground and Archie said that it was a flare bomb used by airplanes travelling at night. We felt a sharp impact as it hit the ground directly behind the car. Dad and Archie jumped out and found the packsack tied to the back of the car ablaze! We were thankful we escaped with only a few of our blankets and pillows burned, as the flare could have struck the gas tank which was only a few feet from where the packsack was tied. We were very lucky to have even noticed the thing.
We arrived at Spokane about 2:00 am and put up at the Pedicord Hotel, the largest hotel we had been in, but it was very comfortable. There were individual telephones in each room, and not knowing how they operated, Frances lifted the receiver and immediately a clerk answered. she put it back as quickly as she could not saying anything.
When we went to the garage to get our car, the attendant told us of the abdication etc. We were very much ashamed of Edward the 8th and considered it a disgrace to have been informed by a yankee.
We left Pedicord as soon as possible Thursday December 10th and tried to travel as fast as we could. We were delayed by the slippery roads and found we were barely able to move along at a crawl. We also had trouble with the chains as the set we bought were singles and broke easily on the paved roads. We even had to borrow a piece of fencing along the road to wire them up.
At 4:30 pm, we arrived back in Canada. Here we all breathed a sigh of relief to be in our country again. We struck Canada at Grand Forks, B.C. - the wrong place of course and we had to travel several miles on a trail (after travelling almost 1000 miles on paved roads). We finally got to the road and found it as bad as the road we had just left, as it was mostly washboard.
Several miles from Penticton, we got stuck in the middle of the road and Dad told us that the small clock for registering oil showed us that we didn't have any and that he could smell the motor burning. Finally, a car came along and shoved our car, also offering to help us out of our difficulty, but fortunately for us, a truck drove up and offered to tow us. Now we understand what towing is, as we were towed for over eight miles. We did sit at high tensions then expecting the bumper to be jerked off at any minute. We again smelled that burning odor and finally discovered it to be the brakes getting too warm as we were travelling down hill so much and around hairpin turns and being at night, we were unaware of it. However, we stopped at the nearest garage for oil and discovered that we had plenty and the towing was unnecessary.
Arriving at Penticton, we learned that the ferry at Kelowna only ran in the daytime, so we took rooms at the Three Gables Hotel, after our day experiences slept like logs.
It was our luck to travel the rest of the journey in the daytime so we saw what the country around home was like as Penticton is only 70 miles from Vernon. At Kelowna, we had to wait almost an hour for the ferry, but we enjoyed the wait as we spent our time looking around us. At noon, we arrived in Vernon and we were thankful to say "all present." The eight of us in a five passenger car after our winter trip of 1600 miles. We then awaited the arrival of mother and the three youngest who arrived by train a week later. All home at last.

Ulric bought into the Belgian Orchard in Vernon along with 25 other families and lost everything! Purchasing chickens and a cow, vegetables by the hundred weight and living in the bunk house on the orchard kept the family going. There were trees to be pruned which provided work for Ulric and son Archie, but when spring came, they went off to wherever they heard there might be work.

Ulric sold the car, purchased an older model, rented a house for the family and sent money home. The older girls worked and gave their wages to Helen to help keep the home together. The family saw little of their father during these years.

In 1938, Ulric purchased a house in Vernon and remodeled it to suit the family. When World War II began, Ulric went to work in Trail where he bought a house and sold the Vernon home.

In 1943, he moved to New Westminster and bought a home which he then sold to the nuns of the Poor Clares Monastery, and remodelled it to suit their needs.

1015 London Street, New Westminster, BC

Ulric bought six homes between 1943 and 1964, and their last home was located at 926 13th Street [which he purchased from his daughter Marguerite's husband Ted Reinitiz in 1969 for $6,500.00].

Helen and Ulric had 10 children (I have omitted details as requested by some family members. Watch for future blog postings from those who would like to share more about their lives):

1.  Archie Oliver Joseph born on April 18, 1918 at Rosenheim, AB. He joined the army in August 1940 and he landed with the Canadian Forestry Corps (C.F.C) in Inverness, Scotland on August 13, 1940. The following is an excerpt taken from an online forum that described the activities of the C.F.C.:
The C.F.C. had a very positive impact on the Scottish Highlands. The men became active participants in local functions, from fund raising to staging Christmas parties for the local children. Many times scrap wood mysteriously fell from lorries to land beside individual homes in need of fuel. During their stay in the Highlands, the C.F.C. cleared an estimated 230,000 forest acres in Scotland and in doing so they contributed to the urgency of reforestation in post war Scotland. But at the same time it demonstrated more efficient cutting and clearing techniques, which was adopted by Scottish forestry in post war years. A notable tribute to the C.F.C. was paid by Laura Lady Lovat when she stated, "you Canadians may be cutting the Scots firs of the Highlands, but in Highland hearts you are planting something far more lasting".
Archie later transferred to the Royal Canadian Engineers where he worked as a topographical surveyor. While in Europe, Archie met Ingeborg (Kit), in Brussels, Belgium in May 1945. During the war, Kit and her mother suffered near starvation. They were kept alive by obtaining poor quality food purchased from black marketeers. Archie and Kit wed on July 9, 1945 and they moved to New Westminster, BC in 1946.

In 1950, they moved to a broken down farm near Langley where they spent 7 years as poultry farmers and they adopted two children: Linda and Rodney. Due to poor health, Archie decided to move the family to Vancouver and he earned a Bachelor of Science degree at the University of BC (UBC). In 1962, he became a teacher at North Bend, a small community located across the Fraser River from Boston Bar in the Fraser Canyon.  Two years later, he transferred to Hope, BC where he taught French at the high school for 6 years.

Kit also earned a teaching certificate from UBC and the family moved north, where both Kit and Archie taught at a two room school in Edgewood, BC on the Arrow Lakes for 5 years. Archie was principal and teacher and Kit was the only other teacher on staff for 5 years. Then, they moved 2.5 hours further north to Mackenzie where Archie taught for one year and Kit taught Kindergarten for five years. When the couple retired in Prince George, Archie became a Grand Knight in the Knights of Columbus, and Kit helped at O'Grady Catholic School.  Eventually, Archie and Kit returned to the Lower Mainland where Archie died on May 18, 1996.

2. Marguerite born on August 3, 1919 at Brandon, MB and (1) married Ted Reinitz on August 14, 1939, and (2) married Jack McDowell in 1967.  Marguerite and Ted had six children: Virginia, Wayne, Keith, John, Jean, and Bruce. Marguerite was well known for her lead foot and her love for travel, making regular trips to the Lower Mainland in record-setting time. After Jack died of a heart attack in 1971, Marguerite earned her nursing certificate and worked at the Trail Hospital on the Extended Care Ward. By example, she regularly instilled a lesson that we all should follow:  God placed us on this planet not to serve ourselves, but to serve others. She retired in 1984 and died in December 2009.

3. Eileen Marie born on October 15, 1920 at Oak Lake, MB and married Charlie Harrison on October 16, 1951. Eileen and Charlie resided in an area of Castlegar once known as Kinnaird. Charles was born in Sheffield, England on August 22, 1906 and immigrated to Canada in 1920. Eileen and Charlie had 4 children: Michael, Catherine, Philip, and Stephen. After retiring from Cominco, he became caretaker of the Kinnaird Community Hall until October 31, 1984. Charlie died in 1988.

There were many family gatherings at the Harrison's. Eileen was rated the best cook in the family and many nephews and nieces headed for the cookie jar upon entering her house [some of us are still wondering how to replicate her recipes]. Eileen was also famous for her crafts, including Raggedy Anne and Andy dolls and striped wool socks. She loved to help others, including cleaning the church linens of St. Rita's Roman Catholic Parish for more than 30 years. She was blessed with 89 years of life and died on September 11, 2010.

4. Frances Albina born on April 28, 1922 at Oak Lake, MB and married Cecil James Penney on July 25, 1940 [died 1965] and (2) Carl Osing on December 19, 1967 [died 1997].  Frances and Cecil had 8 children: Sharon, Charlotte Ann, Kathleen, Gerald, Eileen, David, James and Anne.  After Cecil died in 1966, Frances and her second husband sold their large home on top of the mountain in 1981. They bought a condominium in lower Rossland. Frances was employed by School District #11. Frances loved huckleberry-picking, camping, and gold mining. She was a longtime member of the Sacred Heart Catholic Women's LEague and the Rossland Legion Ladies Auxiliary. Carl retired from Cominco on July 2, 1982. He was presented with a life membership to the Rossland Legion for his many years of service. Sadly, Francis was diagnosed with a brain tumour and lived for several years in a Rossland care home until she died on October 2, 2006. Carl died shortly thereafter.

5. Estelle Mary Doreen born on February 12, 1924 at Oak Lake, MB and married James Donald Moore on October 12, 1947. Doreen and Don had 5 children: Janet Edith, Donna Eileen, James Thomas Ulric, Daniel Gerald, and Patrick Francis Joseph. Doreen died November 22, 1998.

The following is from Doreen's 1984 account of her family history:
After 37 years of marriage, Don and Doreen are still trying to merge their interest. It is due to his support in Doreen's interests that this family history has been undertaken. Doreen's interest in her family and geneaology led to a trip to Oak Lake, MB during the Centennial celebrations. When the oldtimers in Oak Lake knew that Doreen was looking for family history, there were many stories about Ulric and the things he did for his young family. [Doreen's discovery of Metis ancestry have led many of us to learn more about our family history].
Don was the president of the Castlegar-Robson branch of the Royal Canadian Legion in 1984 and 1985, and Doreen worked as the secretary for the branch for 4 years. Don retired in November 1983. He was also a board member of Homemakers in the Castlegar district. In addition, he curled twice a week.
Doreen was president of the Catholic Women's League for several years and a volunteer for hospice and Meals-on-Wheels. She enjoyed her garden, baking bread, and sewing for her family. She embraced the usefulness of computers and loved surfing the Internet. She died November 26, 1998.

 6. Gerald Gerard Joseph born on October 4, 1925 at Oak Lake, MB and wed Effie Jean Haggarty on January 13, 1948. Gerald was serving in the Royal Canadian Navy when he met Jean. Gerald and  and Jean had 3 children: Brian, Gregory, and Colin. Gerald and Jean resided in Fort Saskatchewan, AB. Gerald was superintendent of the chemical plants at Sherritt Gordon and retired on January 1, 1984. Gerald and Jean travelled extensively in their truck and fifth wheeler trailer. Jean was well known for her wonderful hospitality and love of family. Jean died on March 11, 2009 and Gerald died on February 5, 2010.

 7. Ulric (Mickey) Joseph born on September 13, 1928 at Oak Lake, MB and married Caroline Radowski on April 26, 1952. Mickey and Carol had 5 children: Judy, Eric, Vernon, Gail, and Heather. Mickey and Carol lived in Edmonton. Mickey took up floor covering as an occupation and later carpentry. His hobby was gold mining and building machines for separating gold from other minerals. Carol enjoyed driving school bus for children with developmental disabilities. She also spent alot of time managing the rental of the their duplex. She enjoyed oil painting and macrame. Mickey died on January 11, 2012 at age 83.

 8. Patricia Clara Ann born on March 22, 1931 in Flin Flon, MB and married Kenneth Schmidt on August 11, 1952. Pat met Ken, a merchant seaman of Middlesborough England, while teaching in Powell River. They met during the Christmas holidays in 1950 at the New Westminster's Seamen's Club. Shortly after they wed, they moved to Chase, BC where Pat taught for 3 years. They only moved to Chase (actually to the Neskainlith reserve near Chase) after Ken was hit while riding his bike to work in New Westminster when their first child, Frances, was still a baby. Ken came so close to dying that Archie & Kit offered to adopt Frances, but he survived, and Pat went back to work to support them while he convalesced. Although, of course, even while convalescing, Ken pitched in -- child care, cooking, wood-chopping, and he probably wandered into the one-room school fairly often to see if he could help there as well!

Pat and Ken had 12 children: Frances, Joel, Elizabeth (adopted), Tina (adopted), Christopher, Miriam, Mary, Rachel, Leona, Miles, Hilary and Kathryn. Pat shared her skills in music, crafts and cooking with her children while Ken maintained the garden and home repairs. They loved attending concerts and taking long walks. Ken always had a love for helping others. Ken found employment at St. Mary's Hospital and later Woodland's School. Then he joined the B.C. Penitentiary where he worked for 25 years as Food Services Officer until he retired in 1980.  Ken died on July 20, 2000.

 Tina, now deceased, as is my brother Chris. And my parents only

9. John David Joseph born on October 13, 1932 in Flin Flon, MB and married (1) Joan Graham on October 22, 1955 and (2) Betty Born on July 12, 1982. They had six children: Diane, Graham, John, Mark, Paul and Gerald.

10. Bernard (Bernie) Pascal Joseph (aka "Brat Baby") born on May 12, 1936 in Flin Flon, MB and wed Wendy Strachan on June 2, 1962 at St. Peter's Church. Bernie worked at Lafarge Cement including Comptroller of the concrete division until his retirement. He is well known for his love of old cars and vintage wit. Bernie and Wendy had two children: Robert born 10 April 1963 and Gail born 25 July 1964.

Helen, Ulric and boys

Marguerite, Helen, Francis, Doreen, Pat, and Eileen

Helen and Ulric with their children at their 50th Wedding Anniversary

Doreen, John, Bernie, Marguerite, Gerald, Frances, Pat, Eileen, Mickey, Ernest (Helen's youngest brother), Archie

Ulric died May 7, 1977 at the age of 86, and Helen died at the age of 87 in 1984. At the time of her death, Helen had 50 grandchildren, 53 great grandchildren and 3 great great grandchildren. I know that this number has grown exponentially and thus, I am handing this over to other family members to tell their stories. This is a lovely living legacy and we all look forward to your contributions.

With love, Deborah (Bodnar) Nowak 
(daughter of Virginia and Leo Bodnar; granddaughter of Marguerite; great granddaughter of Helen)

Sunday, 16 September 2012

The Ulric Livingston Family PART THREE:

Ulric's Parents and Siblings

Helen and Ulric Livingston circa 1959

Ulric's Grandparents

According to Doreen (Livingston) Moore, Ulric Livingston's grandparents were Joseph Luversant and Marie Rose Lefebvre (married 14 November 1836) and they had 2 children:
  1. Joseph born 3 July 1837 at Hawkesbury, ON . I could not locate an official birth record for Joseph, but his baptismal record of 7 October 1837 at Ste. Madeleine Parish in Rigaud, Vaudreuil QC declared his parents as "Joseph Luversant, a cultivateur at Hawkesbury" and "Rose Lefebvre," and his godparents as "Arsene Luversant" (godfather) and "Emelie Cadieux" (godmother). [PLEASE NOTE: a copy of this original record was sent to me by a very kind volunteer from the geneaological database message board provided by The Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints at and I am eternally grateful.]

  2. Edesse born 28 March 1839 at Hawkesbury, ON. She wed Vincent Blais (born about 1832) in Prescott, ON on 11 July 1859 and resided in Chatham County, Argenteuil, QC. Vincent died in 1895 and Edesse attended the burial at St. Phillippe d'Argentuil, QC. Vincent's parents were Jean Baptist Blais and Mary Hayman. [This data was extracted from the record for "Edesse Laviolette" in the Ontario Marriages Records 1801-1928. Edesse's parents were listed as "Joseph Lavolette" and "Lerose Lavolette".]
According to Doreen's account, Joseph, at the age of 36, married Albina Robillard 24 February 1873 at St. Louis-de-Gonzague County, Beauharnois, QC. However, we must stop to closely examine the parish marital record as displayed below:

The marital record clearly states Joseph's name as "Joseph Jacques Liversans" and his father as "Jacques Liversans." Albina's parents, Benoit Robillard and Emelie Gendron, attended the wedding, but I found it very odd that Joseph's father was accompanied by "Phebee Poirier" and not his wife Marie Rose. In fact, Marie Rose Lefebvre was not present at her son's wedding as she had died at the age of 60 on 10 October 1865 in Prescott, ON.

PLEASE NOTE: This is where my research may create more questions than answers, and I am sorry for the headscratching that this will cause. Nevertheless, I do have a theory, so please be patient and enterain me.

Although I was unable to track down a marital record for Joseph's father, Jacques Liversans and Phebee Poirier, I was able to confirm that according to the Canada Census 1871, Jacques Liversant was aged 63 (born about 1808) and Phebee Liversant aged 48 (born about 1823). In 1871, they resided in St. Louis de Gonzague, Beauharnois, QC with two children: Angele Liversant aged 24 (born about 1847), and Joseph Liversant aged 22 born about 1849.

MY THEORY:  My apologizes if the following theory offends anyone as it is not meant to; it is only meant to attempt to explain some discrepancies that I have encountered with Doreen's family history.

My theory:  it is possible that Joseph Luversant was born in 1808, wed Marie Rose Lefebvre in 1836, and they had two children together:  Joseph (1837) and Edesse (1839). It is not physically possible that Joseph and Marie's son Joseph could have had children at the age of ten. Thus, I believe that it is very likely, for whatever reason, Joseph Luversant and Marie Rose Lefebvre parted ways. By 1846, Joseph found comfort in the arms of another woman, Phebee Poirier, and she gave birth to Angele (1847) and Joseph (1849). In my opinion, Joseph, born in 1849, was Ulric Livingston's father and consequently, Ulric's true grandparents were Joseph Luversant and Phebee Poirier. Both Joseph and Phebee were still alive in 1891 as residents of St. Louis de Gonzague, Beauharnois based on the Canada Census 1891.

To further support my theory, we must consider another primary document partially displayed below:

Many of you may not be aware, but Ulric was searching for documentation regarding his birth in order to apply for Canada Old Age Pension in the 1960's. He wrote several letters to his siblings, churches and municipalities to find his birth records as well as details about his father. In response to Ulric's request for information, St. Mary's Rectory in Bay City, MI replied on March 4, 1967 with the above letter, which stated the following information regarding his father:
"Jos. Liversant, date of death August 5, 1892; date of burial August 6, 1892, age 42 years. Priest: Jos. Schrembs, Cemetery:  St. Joseph."
This data was confirmed by the Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, 1867-1995 as extracted from

The letter from St. Mary's Rectory further explained that there was no other information available regarding Joseph Liversant as the letter's author Father Schrembs (who later became Archbishop of Cleveland, Ohio) did not keep detailed internment records, which was quite common at the time.  The letter also claimed that Joseph Liversant's remains had been moved in the 1950's:
"St. Joseph's Cemetery no longer exists. In the 1950's, the Pastor of Visitation, a daughter parish of St. Mary's, was ordered by the Bishop "to either clean up St. Joseph's or have the remains moved to Calvary Cemetery outside of Bay City. The Pastor of Visitation chose the latter course and the area is now a parking area for the Visitation Church."
In summary, it is my belief that Ulric's father was Joseph Liversant, born to Jacques and Phebee Liversant in 1849, and Joseph wed Albina Robillard on 24 February 1873 at St.Louis-de-Gonzague Parish, Beauharnois, QC. Joseph worked as a laborer and died of tuberculosis on 5 August 1892.

Ulric's mother, Albina Robillard

Albina, one of three children, was born to parents Benoit Robillard and Emilie Gendron. Albina's father was born on 19 February 1844 at St. Clement, Beauharnois County, QC. In the 1871 Census of Canada, Benoit's occupation was recorded as "cultivateur" and they resided in St.Louis-de-Gonzague, Beauharnois, QC. I am uncertain when her father died, but Albina's mother was listed as a widow at age 82 in the 1901 Census of Canada.

In Doreen's family record, she claimed that Albina married again and her last name changed to Ledoux in 1895. Sadly, her second husband died in 1898 (I am searching for this marital record). In the 1910 Census of Canada, Albina Ledoux, aged 55, is recorded as living with Alma Livingston, aged 24, and her husband George Heiler, aged 25, and their son Leo, aged 7 months, in DeWitt, MI. According to a letter addressed to Ulric dated December 7, 1962 from Tache Hospital for Chronic and Geriatric Patients in St. Boniface, MB, his mother Albina died August 27, 1935 and the Manitoba, Death Index 1881-1941, Vital Statistics Agency declared Albina's birthdate as 26 May 1850.  

The Children of Joseph Liversant and Albina Robillard

According to Doreen (Moore) Livingston's account, the Liversant/Livingston family moved to Bay City, MI prior to June 1879 (before their daughter Caroline's third birthday - see details below). In Bay City, Joseph worked amongst English-speaking men and it is believed that he changed his last name from "Liversant" to "Livingston" because his peers could not pronounce his French last name. [Unfortunately, this name change was not legalized and thus, it makes tracing the family history much more difficult.]

The following data is largely based on Doreen (Moore) Livingston's account of the children born to Joseph Liversant/Livingston and Albina Robillard. Doreen's work is extraordinary based on the ancestry research methods available during the 1980's. In addition, my dear great uncle, Great Uncle Bernie Livingston, maintained some family records and a sincere pursuit and concern for sharing family information. To compliment their work, I have added new information in some areas. Here are the children of Joseph and Albina Liversant/Livingston:
  1. Rose Anna born 15 January 1875 in Canada, probably Quebec; wed (1) Francis Arthur Law on 20 February 1897 in Saginaw, MI; (2) Lee F. Eddington; and Rose Anna died 27 September 1963 at Alma, Michigan in a masonic home. According to Doreen, Rose Anna "bore no children, kept in touch with her brothers and sisters, and lived near the Heilers." [Rose's sister Alma married George Heiler - see below]. Rose's second husband, Lee, pictured below (born 29 March 1883 in Montrose, MI) operated a grocery store in Bridgeport,MI until 1949 when he retired. Rose Anna and Lee moved to Lupton, MI, which was 1.5 hours north of Saginaw, to live in Shady Shores Resort area. He was a member of the Bridgeport Masonic Lodge #258 F, and A.M. and Order of the Eastern Star (OES) Chapter 441. 

  2. Alma, Rose Anna, Ed Heiler, Lee Eddington, George Heiler

  3. Caroline born 25 June 1876 in Quebec and by Caroline's third birthday, the Liversant/Livingston family moved to Bay City, MI. Caroline wed Pascal Cloutier (born about 1866) on 25 August 1892,  and they had moved to Rhode Island by 1894 where their first daughter, Albina, was born. By 1897, they moved to Fall River, MASS where their second daughter was born. In 1910, the family had moved 41 miles northwest to Putnam, CONN where Pascal was employed as a driver for a coal company (1910 US Federal Census). In the 1920 US Federal Census, Pascal's occupation was recorded as railroad laborer. Caroline and Pascal's children:

    • Albina born 4 August 1894 in Warren, Rhode Island. The 1910 US Federal Census claimed that Albina worked as a "reeler" at a silk mill at age 15 in Putnam.
    • Marie Eva Cloutier born 15 October 1897 in Fall River, Bristol County, Massachussetts to parents Pascal Cloutier and "Carolina Leversant" according to Massachussetts, Births 1841-1915. She was recorded as an employee at a silk mill in Putnam and living with her parents in the 1930 US Federal Census. Eva cared for her mother until her mother was aged 90 and then she could no longer care for her. Eva died 23 May 1975 at age 78.
    • [Euclide Cloutier born about 1917 based on the 1930 US Federal Census where he is listed as age 11. This child is not mentioned in Doreen's records, and I was unable to find further data regarding Euclide.]

    • Eva Cloutier, Carol Houle (a neighbour's daughter?), Caroline Cloutier in June 1961

  4. Fred Oliver.  Although I was not able to locate birth records for "Fred Oliver," I discovered a record for Joseph Oliver Liversant born 29 December 1877 to father Joseph Liversant and mother Albina Robillard at St. Joseph Parish in Orleans, ON in the Ontario, Canada, Catholic Church Records (Drouin Collection) 1747-1967. It is my belief that this is the birth record of Fred Oliver Livingston. It was common practice to name your first son after the father of the family and thus, the name "Joseph Oliver." In my opinion, his official name was "Joseph Oliver", but for reasons unknown, he changed his name to "Fred Oliver".  

    Now, here is Doreen's account recorded in 1985 about Fred Oliver:
    The Spanish American War Veterans National Headquarters in the U.S.A. referred the compiler to the National Archives Trust (N.A.T.). The only listing the N.A.T. had for a Fred Oliver Livingston was of an enlistment on March 22, 1899 at Camp Point, Illinois at the age of 22 years. Letters written to Rose Anna by Fred, dated July 12, 1898 from Tampa, Florida and on July 23, 1898 from "On board the S.S. Cherokee" en route to Puerto Rico are the last communication from Fred".
    PLEASE NOTE:  It must be noted that Doreen's original request to the National Archives Trust (N.A.T.), accompanied by a $5.00  money order, was for a copy of the Veteran Record  for "Fred Oliver Livingston" of "Michigan or Florida" in Co. "D" 19th Infantry. This request could not be fulfilled and Doreen's money order was returned. In their reply, the N.A.T. clearly indicated that they could only identify a"similar variation" of "Fred Oliver Livingston," which was extracted from the US Army, Register of Enlistments 1798-1914, as follows:  
    Fred Oliver Livingston. Enlisted March 22, 1899 Camp Point, Illinois 22 years of age appears on US Registry Enlistment under File Designation entry 604, page 15, and volume 101
    Unfortunately, the N.A.T. did not supply Doreen with the complete record for Fred, and I firmly believe that if Doreen had received it, she would have dismissed this person as a relation.

    The full record as supplied by stated: 
  5. Fred Oliver Livingston. Enlisted at Quincy, Illinois on March 22, 1899 at the age of 22 and his birthplace was declared as Camp Point, Illinois. He was described as having brown eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, White race, 5' 10" tall, and part of the 23rd Infantry. He was discharged February 21 year unknown (likely 1900) in Michigan at Madison Banks.
    There are three items about this "similar variation" of "Fred Oliver Livingston" that disturbs me: his birthplace, his infantry, and his discharge. As stated earlier, I could not unearth the birth records of Fred Oliver, but I believe he was born in Ontario in 1877. It is difficult to believe that Fred's parents traveled more than 17 hours southwest to give birth to Fred in Camp Point, Illinois. His letters to his sister Rose Anna (see below) clearly indicated the 19th Infantry and not the 23rd as stated above. In addition, no family members to my knowledge received any letters postdated July 28, 1898. Since the Spanish American War ended less than two weeks later on August 12, 1898 and based on Fred's sentimental letters, it is very likely that he would have rushed home to be with his family following the war. And if he was not released from duty until February 21 (probably 1900), he  would have notified his family about his whereabouts and to assure them of his safety.

    PLEASE NOTE:  I am not denying that Fred Oliver Livingston fought for the American Army because there is no question that he participated in the Spanish American War. Here are the last two letters that his sister Rose received while Fred was bravely preparing to storm the beaches of  Puerto Rico: 
              In Camp: Tampa Florida July 12, 1898

               Dear Sister:
       I thought it was about time for me to write to let you know how I am getting along. Well we are still living in camp not at Mobile but at Tampa waiting for orders to move. We had a good trip down here. We were three days on the road. Florida is not as nice a country as people say it is. It has been raining every day for the last two weeks. There is nothing but sand here it is worse than Mich. I had a very good time on the fourth. I went to a picnic in the morning and had a fine time but it is worst than ever now, the dame round of duty. We drill three hours a day and do guard duty every five days stay on twenty four hours. Well I suppose you are having fine weather up there now I would give a good deal if I was up there now. Tell Henry & Alma to write to me I would like to hear from them. This will be all for the present. Give my regards to Frank. Write soon from [stamped] Fred O. Livingston, Co. "D" 19th Infantry, Tampa, Florida 

      On board the S.S. Cherokee: July 28, 1898 

      Dear Sister: -

      We have at last got orders to go. I am on board the transport. There is 800 of us here. We started on the 22nd from Port Tampa and we had been out if sight of land for three days but we are now on the coast of Hyali [Haiti] or Santo Domingo making for Porto Rico [Puerto Rico] at the rate of nine miles an hour, it is very rough the ship is pitching from one side to the other so it is pretty hard for me to write so will make it a short one And probably the last one Five transports started ahead of us and we will meet all fourty miles from P.R. and we will get there together. We are under General Schman [Schwan]. We will meet General Miles in P.R. This will be all for the present. I will write if I get another chance, Adress as before it will be forwarded give my love to the children and regards to Frank. Good Bye Rose and a kiss from [signed] F.O. Livingston, Co. "D" 19th Infantry

      4. David Leversant born 2 March 1880 in Bay City, Michigan [according to Michigan, Births & Christenings Index, 1867-1911, David was born to parents "Joseph Leversant and Albina Leversant" and I believe that this is the sibling which was listed as "stillborn" according to Doreen's research.]
    5. Henry Joseph born 26 February 1882 in Bay City, MI [his father was recorded as "Joseph Livingston" and mother "Albina Robbilard" in the Michigan, Births & Christenings Index 1867-1911]. Henry wed Anna Schweikl of Wabeno, Wisconsin (she was born in 1891 in Stradford, WI) and in 1910, they resided in Wabeno, Forest County, WI with their first child, Beatrice, and Anna's relative (perhaps sister or cousin) Theresa Schweikl (1910 US Federal Census). In 1910, Henry's occupation was noted as "painter." Henry's and Anna's lives demonstrate an incredible work ethic that far exceeds my ability, and I am certain that of most people of today's generation.
    According to Middle Lake: the Vintage Years compiled by the Middle Lake Saskatchewan History Book Committee, Henry and his family moved to Hayter, AB in 1916 and returned to Saskatchewan four years later (this book provides many of the details regarding Henry and his family, see pages 282-284). In 1922, they homesteaded one mile south of Middle Lake, SK. During their early years, Henry's and Anna's children attended Colorado School and St. Bernard's Church. When Middle Lake School opened, their children switched schools. Henry helped in the construction of St. Peter's College in Muenster, SK, which was founded by the Benedictine Monks of St. Peter's Abbey in 1921 and has been associated with the University of Saskatchewan since 1926.

    St. Peter's College, Muenster, SK

    In addition, Henry helped build the Ursuline Academy, which was overseen by the Ursuline Convent, in Bruno, SK in 1922. Its last graduating class was in the 1980s, but it was reopened in 2007 as the St. Therese College, focusing on the promotion of Catholic faith, healing and theology. Henry was also in charge of building Canadian Martyrs Church in Middle Lake, SK. As Doreen noted, Henry sold milk during the Depression in the middle 1930's until their herd of cattle drowned after falling through a frozen lake. By 1943, they moved to Middle Lake where they opened a cafe, but they had to close it after Henry suffered a stroke in the summer of 1944. He was bedridden until his death on 17 March 1951 and he was buried at the Holy Canadian Martyrs Roman Catholic Cemetery, next door to the church that he helped built at Three Lakes, SK. His wife Anna died 14 September 1958 and she was buried at the same location.

    Here is a list of their 16 children [man, they were a busy couple!!]:
Henry and Anna 1937

    Dolores Livingston & Joe Seufert 1932
    • Beatrice Rosella born 20 September 1908 at Wabeno, WI; and wed Theodore Rudolph Kohlen (born 28 April 1909 in Humboldt, SK and died November 1981). They had 6 children: Darlene, Jerome, Doris, Allan, Edna, Ted. Beatrice died about November 1980 at age 72 in Quesnel, BC.
    • Noland born 19 August 1910 at Wabeno, WI. He travelled with Mike Hoffman's circus, playing banjo and entertaining for a number of years. He wed Kay Zentner and they farmed in the Algrove district near Middle Lake and later Saskatoon. They had four children: Yvonne Kellington of Naicam, SK; Sylvia Livingston of Sylvania; Doreen Pawlak of Calgary, AB; and Bruce of Edmonton, AB. Noland died 19 December 1979 in Saskatoon, SK.
    • Omer and Henry born February 28, 1912; sadly, Henry died February 28, 1912. Omer was a carpenter and he was also in the army. He wed Evelyn Livingston in 1941 in St. Walburg where they farmed and raised five children: David, Noel, Leo, Evelyn, and Elaine.
    • Dolores born 21 January 1916 at Green Bay, WI; and wed Joseph Andrew Seufert (born 17 March 1905 in Rosthern, SK) on 27 October 1932 in Pilfer, SK. They farmed north of Middle Lake, SK. They moved to Kelowna in 1971. They had 12 children: Almer, Gloria, Harold, William, Marian, Elaine, Otto, Henry, Daniel, Stanley, Ruth, and Linda. Both Dolores (died 19 May 2005) and Joe (died 1991) are buried at the Kelowna Memorial Park Cemetery.
    • Berneice born December 17, 1917 at Hayter, Alberta and wed Steve Furl.They lived in Weirdale, SK for several years and later retired in Prince Albert, SK.
    • lvan born September 2, 1919 at Hayter, Alberta. Ivan was in the army and later transferred to the Air Force. He married ____  and moved to North Vancouver and they had two children: Darryl, and Alan.
    • Theresa born December 21, 1920 at Carmel, SK; (1) married Louis Fisher of Bruno, SK and they had four children: Ronald, Robert, Jackie, and Linda. Louis died in October 1967. Theresa remarried in 1969 to Charles Whitehorn.
    • Loretta born November 8, 1922 at Middle Lake, Saskatchewan; married Ed Taphorn in June 1944 and they had one child named Twyla Caissy. Loretta worked as a nurse from 1955 until Ed was fatally injured in 1976 in the C.N.R. yards where he had been  employed for 32 years.
    • Henry born July 22, 1924 at Middle Lake, SK. He served in the army and later married Emma Lengyel and they had four children: Blair, Guy, Zola, Kim.
    • Norman: born April I1, 1926 at Middle Lake, SK. He enlisted in the Air Force and married Anne Choma in 1950. They moved to Calgary, AB in 1958 and later to Crows Nest Pass in 1967. They had 7 children: Norman, David, Carol, Charlotte, Lyla, Duane, and Kevin.
    • Darlene born January 4, 1928 at Middle Lake, SK; married Ralph Banke and they had two children: Myles and Lynn. Myles married Gaye Schlacter of Humboldt, SK and Lynn wed Bill McDonald and moved to Prince Albert, SK.
    • Stanley born August 16, 1929 at Middle Lake, SK and married Evelyn Griffith of Melfort, SK and they had one child named Ricky, who became a teacher. Stanley later moved to Bow Island, AB.
    • Ramona born November 17, 1931 at Middle Lake, SK and married Lawrence Fischl in 1950. They had four children: Judy, Delbert, Bruce, Joe, and Terry.
    • Douglas and David:  stillborn 

    6. Albert Francis born 5 January 1883 and baptized 5 January 1884 in Bay City, MI. According to the 1900 US Federal Census, Albert resided with his sister Rose Anna in Saginaw, MI where he worked as a farm laborer at age 16. He later lived with his sister Alma on her husband's farm in DeWitt, MI (1930 US Federal Census). He never married and he wrote several letters to his brother Ulric, although his handwriting was full of tremors as if he had been writing on a bumpy surface or perhaps suffered from Parkinson's.  Nevertheless, he definitely had a sense of humour--in a letter to Ulric he stated that Caroline and Eva only wrote once in 60 years! At one point in his life, he moved to Racine, Wisconsin where he lived for 11 years in a rooming house (discussed in a letter to Ulric). He later moved to Miami, Florida where I believe he died in his '80s (he is mentioned as aged 83 in a letter from Clara Edna, Leo's wife, to Ulric and Helen Livingston).

    7. Alma born 25 October 1886 at Bay City, MI and wed George William Heiler (born 16 January 1884; his father was German and his mother was from France) on 24 November 1908 at Lansing, MI. Both Joseph Livingston and Albina Robillard attended the wedding. George farmed in Lansing, MI and on September 2, 1918, he filled out an US WWI Draft Registration Card where he described himself as medium height, medium build, blue eyes and dark hair (US World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918). At some point in their lives, George and Alma moved to Florida and Alma died in an extended care home on 6 January 1965. George died in January 1966 . They had nine children:
    • Irene born 1911, and married Max Mallison. Max retired before 1976 and took dancing lessons with Irene. Irene lived in DeWitt in 1984. She was described with a head that shook like her mother Alma's in a letter by Charles' wife Loretta. 
    • Lawrence born 7 July 1914. He enlisted in the U.S. Army on 6 February 1942 at Fort Custer, MI. He was home on furlough as a Private in December 1944. He described himself as single, grammar school educated, and farm hand experienced. The American army recorded his height as 67 inches and weight as 146 pounds (US WWII Enlistment Records 1938-1942 courtesy of After his discharge in October 1945, he married Alma Vesta Billington (date unknown) and they had seven children. He died 9 September 1995 and he is buried in the Pinckney Cemetery in Saranac, MI. His gravestone states "Tec 4 US Army WWII" and this can be viewed at
    • Albert born January 12, 1916 in Clinton County, and married Elsie Berg on September 7, 1940. He was employed for 12 years at the Chevrolet Transmission Plant. When he died of a heart attack in Saginaw, MI on January 27,1969, his obituary stated that he had operated Heiler's Shoe Repair Shop in Saginaw for 23 years. They had three sons: Jack, Bill and Ted.
    • Leo born 1909. He was married twice and had three children. By 1969, he resided in Eagle, MI and died in April 1983.
    • Charles born November 29, 1919 and resided in Dansville, MI by 1969.
    • Margaret born about 1913 (based on 1930 US Federal Census); wed Clifford Beechnaw and resided at Houghton Lake, MI. She died of ovarian cancer on January 9, 1988 in Lansing, MI.
    • Josephine born 1925; wed Willis Fuller; and divorced Willis before 1976. She married Larry Gladstone and resided in Charlotte, MI. In 1969, she resided in DeWitt, MI.
    • Bernadine Mary born 1926; wed Leo Ettinger and resided in DeWitt, MI.
    • Georgine born 1919; wed W.L. Steele and resided in Port Richey, Florida.

    8. Leo Joseph born 23 April 1887 at Bay City, MI. He moved to Canada in 1907 and he married wed Clara Edna Schiestel (born 13 July 1890 Teeswater, ON) on 21 October 1909 in Provost, Alberta. Leo died in the St. Walburg Union Hospital on 23 February 1959 at St. Walburg, SK at the age of 71 following a lengthy illness.
    Leo and Clara moved to Turtleford, SK in August 1919 and then to Spruce Lake, SK in March 1921. In November 1921, they moved to a farm 6.5 miles south of St. Walburg and built a house in the town in 1947. Leo was well known throughout the area around St. Walburg as he was very active in the community. He was a reeve (also known as president) of a municipality for 11 years, a Wheat Pool delegate from 1928 to 1946, served as president of the Paradise Hill Hospital, and as Credit Union director of the St. Walburg Co-op. He died in St. Walburg Union Hospital on 23 February 1959 at age 71 following a lengthy illness. 
    Leo and Clara had one child named Evelyn who married her cousin Omer Livingston and they had five children:

    Clara  Edna and grandson David
    • David born May 10, 1943; wed Dianne ____ and had two children Michael, born May 21, 1980 and Matthew, born October 22, 1982.
    • NoeI born September 29, 1947; married Edith Carson on June 22, 1970 and they had two children Corina and Brent.
    • Evelyn born September 22, 1951; married Roy Sankey and they had two girls: Dallas and Glee.
    • Leo born January 13, 1949
    • Elaine born March 2, 1958

    In a letter dated 1977, Leo's wife Clara Edna wrote to Helen and Ulric Livingston at the age of 86 and wrote "I sure miss Leo a lot," almost 20 years after his death. Clara died on 1 October 1978 in St. Walburg only five weeks after the above picture was taken.

    9. Michael Liversant did Ulric Livingston born 23 October 1890 at Bay City, MI; wed Marie Marguerite Helene Langevin on 2 July 1917 at Scott, SK; and died 7 May 1977 in Vancouver, BC.

    Next posting: The Ulric Livingston Family PART FOUR: Ulric's Life

Wednesday, 22 August 2012

The Ulric Livingston Family PART TWO:
Francois LIBERSAN LAVIOLETTE and Marie Angelique Amable Demers Dumais 1757
to Ulric's Parents 1873

Map of the "Isle of Montreal and surrounding environment" 1744 from National Library and Archives Canada

Francois Libersan Laviolette and Marie Angelique Amable Demers Dumais married on 3 May 1757 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), QC [see left-hand bottom corner on the map]. Based on the PRDH database, they had the following children:
  1. Francois Savier born 29 September 1758 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), and wed Marie Madeleine Gauthier on 17 April 1780  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).
  2. Marie Angelique born 27 July 1760  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds) and wed Joseph Amable Lauzon on 31 January 1780 at the same parish.
  3. Marie Josephe born 6 July 1762  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds) and died one month later on 7 August 1762.
  4. Michel born 16 June 1764  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), wed Marie Anne Meilleur on 6 February 1787 in St. Eustache and died 28 February 1792 in St. Eustache.
  5. Eustache born 24 September 1766  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), wed Marie Charles Charlotte Choret on 22 April 1789, and died 3 December 1796 in St. Eustache.
  6. Marie Marguerite born 30 November 1768  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds) and died six days later.
To put this generation in the proper historical context, these ancestors may have feared the repurcussions of the Seven Years War between the French and British soldiers over the sovereign lands of New France.

Remember the Battle on the Plains of Abraham described in the April 4, 2012 posting entitled "War in New France 1756-63"? It was briefly explained how 4,500 British troops invaded the Plains of Abraham outside the walls of Quebec City and overcame the 4,400 French defenders on September 13,1759 in a battle which only lasted 20 minutes.

Following the battle, the French army, under the direction of the Governor General of New France Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, retreated to Montreal to regroup while the British Navy withdrew from the St. Lawrence River before the winter conditions froze their fleet in solid ice and the British army settled in for the winter.

Before the return of the British navy, a French army of 7,000 troops organized another attack near the city of Quebec led by Commander Francis de Gagnon, Chevalier de Levis on April 28, 1760. The British troops were weakened as they were ill-prepared for the cold winter during this battle, the Battle of Sainte Foy. Nevertheless, the British managed to retreat behind the fortified walls of Quebec City until their navy arrived in mid-May. The French were overwhelmed and without reinforcements from France, they were unable to retake Quebec City. Both sides sustained heavy casualties: 1100 British and 800 French and the French were forced to retreat to Montreal again.

The Battle of Sainte Foy - National Archives Canada
Less than five months later, the French formally capitulated on 8 September 1760, and the British took possession of Montreal. Through the Treaty of Paris, the French turned over all claims to its North American territory and the Proclamation of 1763 established New France as a British colony and British institutions were imposed.

I only retell this story as our ancestors from Ulric Livingston's side of the family had resided in the city of Old  Montreal for many decades. The majority of Ulric's ancestors lived in the north in Pointe-aux-Trembles, and in the west in Ste. Genevieve and St. Laurent (please refer to the map below).

Old Montreal - bold line indicates its fortified wall 

It would be safe to assume that Ulric's ancestors felt great fear due to the close proximity of the war, and tremendous relief and uncertainty when the battles ceased.

Returning to Ulric's direct ancestors, Michel Libersan Laviolette was born 16 June 1764  in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), and wed Marie Anne Meilleur in St. Eustache, east of Montreal.  Michel was a farmer according to Doreen (Livingston) Moore's notes. Here are the details regarding their children:
  1. Marie Josephe born 19 March 1788 and baptized the following day in St. Eustache.

  2. Joseph born 4 April 1789 and baptized the following day in St. Eustache. He wed Marie Angelique Cardinal on 24 October 1808 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds). Joseph died at age 54 on 16 August 1843 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).

  3. Antoine born 5 February 1790 in St. Eustache and baptized the following day. He wed Clemence Quevillon 10 August 1812 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds). Antoine died 26 April 1840 and he was buried two days later in Laval, QC.
Sadly, Michel and Marie Anne did not have more children as Michel died at the age of 28 (I am searching for the cause of his death) on 28 February 1792 in St. Eustache, QC. Marie later remarried.

Below is the marital record of Joseph Libercan/Libersan (his surname was blurred during the scanning process carried out by the document owner and not by yours truly, and thus, it is not clearly legible and I am only taking an educated guess at its suggested spelling in the original document) and Marie Angelique Cardinal of 24 October 1808 as kept by the Ste. Genevieve parish registry.

Please focus your attention to the top left hand corner of the document below. It is noted in their marital record that Joseph is the son of Michel Libersan, a "cultivateur" and Marie Angelique is the daughter of Jean Baptiste Cardinal.


Joseph and Marie Angelique Cardinal had 3 children as confirmed by the Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection):
  1. Joseph Luversant born ____; wed Marie Rose Lefebvre on 14 November 1836 at Ste. Madeleine parish in Rigaud, QC. This is the first occurrence of "Luversant" in parish records and this record also stated that Joseph resided in Hawkesbury, ON.[Marie Rose Lefebvre was born 2 April 1805 to Pierre Lefebvre and Ursule Ranger, which was Pierre's second marriage; his first marriage was to Louis Audet as noted by Doreen (Livingston) Moore.

  2. Arsene Libersan born ____; married Anastasia Chauret on 4 November 1830 at Ste. Genevieve, Montreal, QC.; and married again, Marguerite Bourgeois dit Gregoire, in 1833 at the same parish where his name is recorded as "Arcene Libertant" and his father in attendance was noted as "Joseph Libersant".

  3. Marie Adelaide Libersan Laviolette born August 1820 at Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), QC; wed 20 July 1836 and was interred at St. Philippe d'Argenteuil Cemetary, QC on 21 January 1899.

Joseph Luversant and Marie Rose Lefebvre had 2 children:
  1. Joseph born 3 July 1837 at Hawkesbury, ON. Joseph married Albina Robillard 24 February 1873 at St. Louis-de-Gonzague County, Beauharnois, QC; and died 5 August 1892 in Bay City, Michigan.[The marital record states Joseph's name as "Joseph Jacques Liversans" and his father as "Jacques Liversans." I find it very odd that Marie Rose's name is not mentioned.]
  2. Edesse born 28 March 1839 at Hawkesbury, ON. [I am attempting locate more data about this child]
Further investigation into Ulric Livingston's parents, Joseph Jacques Liversans and Albina Robillard, will be investigated in the next posting.

Next posting: The Ulric Livingston Family PART THREE - Ulric's Upbringing and Family

Sunday, 19 August 2012

The Ulric Livingston Family PART ONE:
 Libercan dit Liberson dit Libercan dit Libersan dit Laviolette

This is my attempt to uncover the ancestors of Ulric Livingston, husband of Helen Langevin. Ulric was born in 1890, wed Helen in 1917 and died in 1977 (we will review Ulric's upbringing and his marriage to Helen in more detail in a later posting).

I will rely heavily on the notes by Doreen (Livingston) Moore compiled in 1985 as I believe her ancestral framework of our genealogy to be true and accurate. [However, it should also be noted that Doreen's youngest brother Bernie was also captivated by the search for family history and he also researched the Livingston ancestry extensively]. As Doreen suggests at the bottom of page 1 of her well-researched family history, it is difficult to follow the roller coaster ride of surname alterations attributed to the ancestry of Ulric Livingston (1890-1977). Please consider the following postings as only minor supplements to Doreen's excellent historical excavation in determining Ulric's heritage and not as a substitution for Doreen's labourious work conducted over a five year period from 1980-85.

WARNING:  If you focus on the number of surname changes, it will drive you insane! It is disturbing that the three main sources of my research, Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection) 1608-1890; Quebec, Vital and Church Records Drouin Collection 1621-1799, and the University of Montreal's PRDH (La Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique) database altered the surname several times.  Doreen was correct to attribute these alterations due to illiteracy amongst the colonists and parish priests as it was a common practice to spell names phonetically.

Leonard Libercan, a soldier in the French army led by M.Duplessis under King Louis XIV, was born about 15 June 1671 to Guillaume Libercan and Marie Louise Madelaine _____  in the parish of Rasa in Perigueux, Periogord, France (strangely her last name was omitted from the parish records). Guillaume and Marie were married before 1672 probably in France (I cannot locate details of their lives and their ancestors prior to this data).

Based on a letter written to Doreen's brother Bernie dated 4 Nov.1985, Doreen briefly described her 6 week journey to Europe, including the Perigord region, that year. She planned on returning to Europe for 6 months, but I am uncertain if she had the opportunity to do so. Here's an excerpt from her letter which captures her excitement of the genealogical hunt for the truth:
We know what remains for us to see in the Perigort region, thanks to a french family who befriended us shortly after our arrival in Periguex. And, we have it in mind to spend six months in Europe our next time there, so we can have an in depth study of that beautiful and historical region. Mr. Le Cerf has promised to assist me in my geneaological studies. We didn't meet owing this to his leaving Paris the following day on which we rang hiim. I'm elated by his generous response and have written, at his request, giving him a clear picture of where he can research on our behalf. I had only one hour in the Periguex Archives where (Leonard's) the records of Razac of 300 years ago are now. Holding the original records and thrilling experience for me - (the dust made my nose run though). There's a record of every soldier who left the Perigord region for Canada.

Leonard was posted to New France to protect the new colonists from First Nations attacks. He wed Marie Anne Louise Coron (born 14 May 1676 in Montreal to parents Jean and Michelle Lauzon) on the 19 March 1699 (the marital records show Leonard's last name as "Liberson" in the Quebec Geneaological Dictionary of Canadian Families, Tanguay Collection, 1608-1890 and thus, I have added it to the list of "dit"s in the title of this series of postings).

Here is the record of Leonard's marriage according to the PRDH (La Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique) database:





Marriage: before 1671-12-31 Lieu inconnu
("Lieu inconnu" loosely translates to "unknown location")





First name of the child




Name of the spouse










Tragically, Marie Anne Louise Coron died less than one year later on the 10th day of February 1700 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC, east of Montreal, and thus, they had no children.

Three years later, Leonard remarried. He wed Jeanne Beaudri on 23 July 1703 in Montreal. Jeanne was born on 8 September 1674 at Riviere des Prairies and she was one of 5 children born to Antoine Baudri of Chemiere-en-Charnie, France and Catherine Guillard of St.Laurent, Paris, France. 

Below is the marital registry of Leonard and Jeanne from the PRDH database, which contains the wedding attendees and a small notation about Leonard's mother Marie Louise Madeleine at the bottom. It loosely translates "the name of the mother's family of the spouse has been left blank". Also, please note that Leonard's last name has now been recorded as "Libercan", the same spelling as his father's name.

According to Doreen, Leonard became a church warden of the Ste. Genevieve parish built in 1741, the first parish in Montreal as pictured below. He died 29 November 1751 in St.Laurent, QC and he was buried the following day.

The family record of Leonard Libercan of 23 July 1703 in the PRDH database adjusts Leonard's and Jeanne's names as the following:

Family # 9206



Father: GUILLAUME Libersan






Marriage: 1703-07-23 Montreal





First name of the child




Name of the spouse







St Lawrence

Ste-Genevieve (Pierrefonds)













St Lawrence







St Lawrence







St Lawrence

The Cedars

















Marie Josephe


Montreal General Hospital







PLEASE NOTE:  The above record contains data which is slightly different than Doreen's research, but I believe that this primary source, the PRDH, to be true and more accurate. Also, please note that Leonard and Jeanne had four children die before they reached the age of 2 years old.
Now, let's follow Leonard's and Jeanne's first children:  Antoine Libersan Laviolette.  It is possible that Antoine was born on September 28, 1704 as stated by Doreen and then baptized on October 27, 1704 as claimed by the PRDH.
Antoine Libersan Laviolette wed Marie Jeanne Anne Devoyaux Laframboise on 9 July 1731 in St. Laurent, QC.
According to the PRDH database, here is a list of their children:
  1. Marie Genevieve born 2 January 1735 in St. Laurent, QC and wed Jacques Plouf on 1 March 1756 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), QC.
  2. Francois born 10 October 1736 in St. Laurent, wed Marie Angelique Amable Demers Dumais on 3 May 1757 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), and buried at the same location on 24 February 1790.
  3. Marie Madeleine born 9 February 1738 in Montreal, and wed Francois Richer Louvetau on 20 January 1755 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).
  4. Antoine born 18 August 1739 in St. Laurent and died the next day.
  5. Marie Louise born 12 April 1741 in St. Laurent and died at the age of 12 on 15 December 1753.
  6. Jean Baptiste born 11 April 1743 in St. Laurentand died exactly 4 months later.
  7. Jacques born 8 September 1744 in St. Laurent and wed Marie Suzanne Amable Lahaie Hibernois on 8 April 1766 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).
  8. Marie Marguerite born 23 June 1746 and wed Jacques Philippe Fauvel Bigras on 21 February 1764 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).
  9. Marie Catherine born 27 June 1748 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), and died two years later on 28 August 1748.
  10. Marie Anne born 26 September 1749 in St. Laurent, wed Jean Frederic Harl on 17 January 1785 in Montreal and died 8 December 1794.
  11. Marguerite born on 6 July 1751 in St. Laurent and died 11 days later.
  12. Marie Louise born on 11 February 1754 in St. Laurent and died 24 March 1757 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds).
  13. Marie Catherine born 11 August 1758 in Ste. Genevieve (Pierrefonds), wed Joseph Giboin Tranquille on 16 February 1778 and died 1 April 1785 in Montreal.

Next posting: The Ulric Livingston Family PART TWO: Francois and Marie Angelique Amable Demers Dumais 1757 to Ulric's Parents